Outline of Ninth Circuit History
Florida’s early law was administered by circuit riders, a tradition begun in 12th century England by King Henry II.
Roots of Justice
Florida law goes back more than a millennium to English Common Law. When Spain ceded Florida to the United States in 1821, the first government of Florida, in a burst of patriotic fervor, adopted English Common Law as it existed on July 4, 1776.
Statehood Brings More Formality
The Constitution of 1838, drawn up when Florida was still a Territory, announced the government’s intention to become a state.
Development of Judicial Circuits
Orange and Osceola counties, which today make up the Ninth Judicial Circuit, were once part of a large tract of land below St. Johns County that in 1824, was dubbed Mosquito County.